Fuelling the Sustainable Bioeconomy


Fuelling the Sustainable Bioeconomy is a programme led by RSB, and powered by The Boeing Company. 


The programme aims to help the aviation industry play a leading role in tackling the threat of climate change, creating jobs, stimulating economic growth, developing rural livelihoods and protecting the environment, with key support from WWF South Africa and WWF Brazil. 


By providing guidance on the sustainability of alternative fuels, bringing together relevant stakeholders and integrating the bioeconomy as a critical part of the just energy transition, Fuelling the Sustainable Bioeconomy is helping to direct investment, policy makers, market development and further research to support the emergence of a truly sustainable bioeconomy.

Programme Aims

Support the development of a global SAF sector


  • Assess SAF production routes from diversified feedstock
  • Develop tools to support technical and economic assessment of SAF routes
  • Develop regional supply chains and incentive the socioeconomic growth of smallholders
  • Support and develop the SAF sector in Brazil
  • Support SAF sustainability and biofuel policies
  • Develop guidelines for sustainable cultivation of crops with focus on sugarcane and macauba
  • Develop RSB Regional Sustainability Indicators
  • Assess iLUC values for Brazil to support discussion of new SAF pathways for CORSIA 



  • Develop a national sustainable aviation biofuel roadmap
  • Explore and assess economic growth and job creation potential from the growth of a local biofuel industry
  • Support the SAF academic course programme at the Ethiopian Airlines Academy






South Africa

  • Develop RSB certification approach for invasive alien biomass
  • Develop a SAF technoeconomic assessment for South Africa
  • Support the development of the local SAF sector, with focus on sugarcane sector
  • SAF sustainability policy advocacy _






Programme Timeline

  1. June 2019:

    Programme kick-off

  2. January 2020:

    RSB hosts a scenario development workshop in Ethiopia for the development of a SAF roadmap

  3. February 2020:

    RSB webinar on Corn Sustainability

  4. October 2020:

    Research into SAF potential of South African sugarcane is published

  5. May 2021:

    RSB publishes research on the potential of non-crop feedstock pathways for Brazilian SAF

  6. June 2021:

    RSB presentation about SAF sustainability at the South African Department of Trade and Industry

  7. July / August 2021:

    Launch of RSB certification approach for invasive biomass

  8. September 2021:

    Launch of the Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) roadmap for Ethiopia

    SAF technoeconomic assessment for South Africa (date tbc)

  9. October 2021:

    Launch of SAF calculator for technical and economic assessment of SAF production in Brazil

    Publish the Guide for Sustainable Cultivation of Macauba

  10. December 2021:

    Publish the assessment of crop feedstock potential and availability for SAF production in Brazil

  11. January 2022:

    Publish the assessment of iLUC values for Brazil of SAF routes

Programme Outputs

Programme News